By Frederick Lawson Jr.
Lawrence Olmstead was born in 1899 in Cincinnati, Ohio.
The son of a doctor, he grew up in a family of blue-collar workers, working on the farm and the factory.
At age 15, he began studying physics at the University of Cincinnati.
The future of physics was at stake.
In 1906, Olmston joined the faculty of the University at Buffalo, where he was soon promoted to professor.
His research and teaching in the field of electromagnetism led him to become a founding member of the American Physical Society (APS), a governing body for American physics.
In 1911, he founded the first American Physical Laboratory (APL) in New York City.
It was there, along with other American physics pioneers, that Olmster’s first breakthrough occurred.
In 1924, Olssted and his fellow APL founding members published a paper describing the development of the first two-dimensional (2D) electron, or proton.
In that paper, Olmert introduced the term electron in the context of the development and application of electromagnets.
In his book, The Electron, Olmssted also introduced the concept of the magnetic monopole, which he called the ‘graviton’.
It’s an idea he’d later introduce to the rest of the world.
The graviton was the first particle that Olsstead and his colleagues discovered, and it was widely regarded as the first real electron.
In 1926, Olsmelt and his team had published a remarkable result in the journal Nature.
Electrons had been predicted to be two-dimensionally symmetric, but it had never been shown.
The experiment, they claimed, proved that they could be.
The next year, Olmessted and other APL members published their next paper.
This time, they showed that they had made a discovery that could change the world of physics forever.
Electron theory was born.
This is how the word ‘electron’ came to be.
It was an exciting time for Olmsters research, and his first discovery of the electron was one of the most important in history.
But the discovery of a single electron, in a single crystal, in the very early 1920s, caused an enormous amount of excitement.
And Olmstone and his followers had just released the first of several papers that would lead to the world’s first quantum theory.
For Olmsts and his APL colleagues, this was a turning point.
Electrically, the theory was the most powerful yet devised.
But it was only in 1931, when the APL announced its discovery of Higgs boson, that the world was finally on the verge of the revolution.
The world didn’t know what the Higgs particle was until 1932, when Albert Einstein announced his theory of general relativity.
But, by then, the world had seen the existence of the Higgings.
And as Einstein predicted, the Huggings were the ‘higgs-giga-electron’, or the ‘God particle’.
And the Higgle bosons, they became, were the most profound particle yet discovered.
The Higgs was bornAnd the Higgers were a big deal.
At that time, the electron and the positron, the other elementary particles that are thought to exist in the universe, were thought to be the only two-dimensions of matter, the two particles that make up our universe.
The Higgs’s discovery opened up this world to scientists who had only dreamed about it.
In 1932, the American Association for the Advancement of Science published a report that, in their words, “further illuminated the significance of the discovery.”
This was the dawn of a new era.
In 1933, Einstein showed that the electron, and its fundamental particles, had an elementary part called a ‘baryon’.
The first boson (or electron) could have had a Baryonic (a particle that doesn’t exist as a pair of protons) counterpart.
And this would have been the beginning of a vast new field of physics.
As the atom and the electron have been around since the dawn, the boson and the Huggle-giggs particle were born.
And it was this discovery that gave birth to quantum theory and gave us our modern understanding of the structure of reality.
In the early 1930s, the APA launched a massive research program, including the HIGES Project, which would eventually be the cornerstone of the field known as quantum mechanics.
The first of these experiments was conducted in Princeton, New Jersey, in 1940.
At the time, Einstein’s theory of gravity was still being developed.
But this new research showed that, although the laws of physics were changing, the laws themselves could be changed.
And so, in 1941, Albert Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his theory.
But even as the HIVE (High Energy Laser Interferometer) was