The Illinois state legislature voted on Wednesday to require gun owners to be licensed to carry their weapons, an action that is expected to be controversial.
The bill is opposed by the Chicago Police Department, which has long opposed the measure and said it would prevent law enforcement from enforcing the state’s gun laws.
The measure passed the Illinois Senate and the House of Representatives last week with a bipartisan majority.
The Illinois House approved the bill by a vote of 29-6, and the Senate approved it by a 4-2 vote.
The legislation, which was introduced in July, would require licensed gun owners in Illinois to obtain a permit to carry a concealed firearm.
Under the law, a person who does not have a concealed carry permit can carry a firearm in a vehicle in Illinois.
The person must be 21 years old, pass a background check, and pay a $50 fee.
The Illinois State Police, which is the state gun force, has said it plans to conduct a nationwide study on the issue.
A statewide study is a key part of the Illinois gun laws that are widely seen as among the toughest in the country.
Gun owners in the Chicago area opposed the bill.
Chicago Police Commissioner Eddie Johnson said it is a step backward for Chicago.
I can assure you that the Chicago police will not be enforcing the laws,” Johnson said in a statement.
The Chicago Tribune reports that some police officers who have been trained in the use of deadly force are concerned about the new law.
Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel said in an interview with WLS-TV on Wednesday that the law would “further undermine the trust and confidence in our communities.”
He said the city has had problems with guns since the 1990s, and that the police department has seen a dramatic increase in violent crimes in recent years.
The new law will not affect gun owners who have concealed carry permits, which are granted by the Illinois Department of Natural Resources and a local sheriff.
The state’s attorney general is expected on Thursday to rule on whether the law violates the Second Amendment.